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 CASE REPORT
CytoJournal 2006,  3:8

Sclerosing lobular hyperplasia of breast : Cytomorphologic and histomorphologic features : A case report


1 Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
2 Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; Children's Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dinesh Rakheja
Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; Children's Medical Center, Dallas, TX
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.1186/1742-6413-3-8

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Background: Mammary sclerosing lobular hyperplasia is an uncommon benign lesion of adolescent and young women. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of mammary sclerosing lobular hyperplasia is said to show characteristic features that include an absence of stromal fragments. Case presentation: In this article, we describe a case of sclerosing lobular hyperplasia that occurred in the right breast of a 12-year-old girl. Fine-needle aspiration cytology showed some fibroadenoma-like features including the presence of stromal fragments, while branched tubular fragments were not seen. The diagnosis of sclerosing lobular hyperplasia was made on histologic examination that showed preserved acinar architecture with lobular hyperplasia and sclerosis of intralobular and interlobular stroma. Conclusion: Fine-needle aspiration cytology features of mammary sclerosing lobular hyperplasia are not diagnostic and overlap with those of fibroadenoma; however, a distinction between the two benign entities is of no clinical significance. The definitive diagnosis of sclerosing lobular hyperplasia requires histopathologic evaluation.






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