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 RESEARCH ARTICLE
CytoJournal 2015,  12:13

Cervical intraepithelial lesions in females attending Women's Health Clinics in Alexandria, Egypt


1 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University; Pathology Laboratory, Alexandria Regional Centre for Women's Health and Development, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Gynecology Clinics, Alexandria Regional Centre for Women's Health and Development, Alexandria, Egypt
3 Department of Community, Epidemiology Unit, Alexandria Regional Centre for Women's Health and Development, Alexandria, Egypt
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mona Abdel-Hadi
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University; Pathology Laboratory, Alexandria Regional Centre for Women's Health and Development, Alexandria
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1742-6413.159240

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Background: Data from Egyptian studies provide widely varying estimates on the prevalence of preinvasive cervical lesions. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)   in Egyptian women living in Alexandria to clarify the need for implementing a national organized screening program and a vaccination program in our community. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted over a 6 years period and covered the different socioeconomic levels to have a representative sample for women living in Alexandria. All women included did not have any cervical disorder related complaints. Conventional Pap smears were obtained and diagnosed using the Bethesda system. Women with abnormal Pap smears were managed according to the 2006 consensus guidelines within the available facilities. Persistent abnormal cytological results were referred for colposcopic biopsy. Histological results were grouped into: Reactive changes, CIN 1, CIN 2/CIN 3 and adenocarcinoma in-situ (AIS). Results: Out of the 6173 smears included in the study 6072 (98.36%) were normal and only 101 (1.63%) were abnormal. After colposcopic biopsies, 0.08% had CIN 1, 0.03% had CIN 2, 3 and 0.01% had AIS. Conclusion: We concluded that cervical cancer screening programs, although life-saving for a number of women, are not a sufficiently high priority in our community. Money for national health screening programs should preferably be directed more towards recruiting women for breast cancer screening, since breast cancer accounts for about 33% of all female cancers in Egypt ranking number one, while cervical cancer ranks number 13.






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