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CytoJournal 2017,  14:29

Tubular variant of mammary adenomyoepithelioma: Diagnostic challenges and cytomorphological correlation in two cases

Department of Pathology, Military Hospital, Jalandhar, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Aneeta Jassar
Department of Pathology, Military Hospital, Jalandhar, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cytojournal.cytojournal_26_17

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The authors describe the cytomorphologic features of two cases of tubular variant of adenomyoepithelioma of the breast that were first examined by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and diagnosed as fibroadenoma. On retrospective review of the cytology, subtle features such as less cohesive epithelial clusters, intimate association of clusters of stromal cells with epithelial elements, a dominant population of plump-epithelioid naked (myoepithelial) cells, and occasional cells with intranuclear inclusions, were noted. Thus, these lesions can be diagnostically challenging and cannot be conclusively differentiated from either fibroadenoma or tubular adenoma cytologically and the pathologist may only be able to give a differential on FNAC. Recognition of the biphasic nature and the characteristic overall architecture of the tumors in combination with immunohistochemistry are essential to establish the correct diagnosis on biopsy. Although most tumors have a benign clinical course, rare instances of local recurrence, malignant transformation, and distant metastases have been reported. A complete excision with adequate margins would lower the chance of local recurrence.


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